The Gramon Family of Schools’ mission is to provide learning opportunities that enable each child to develop to the fullest extent of his or her ability. We believe that we can accomplish this goal in a structured, positive and caring atmosphere, characterized by warmth and happiness. Each child, therefore, is offered the special care, attention, and support that he or she individually requires during the school day.
At the Gramon Family of Schools, the faculty and staff employ behavior management techniques to systematically improve socially significant behavior in order to improve each child’s quality of life to a meaningful degree. Through individualized teaching strategies inappropriate behaviors are specifically replaced with socially acceptable behaviors that serve the same function. Students are, therefore, not punished for inappropriate behaviors, but are taught replacement behaviors.
Behavior modification principles are consistently implemented throughout the day, emphasizing positive behavioral supports to reinforce desirable behavior whenever possible.
Applied Behavioral Analysis (ABA)
Behavior Analysis offers strategies for evaluating the functional and communicative meaning of behavior. The data collected in regard to student performance or behavior reduction provides continuous, useful, objective assessments of progress. With this data, team members are able to determine effectiveness of current teaching techniques,suggest alternatives and determine future goals related to individual students.
Reinforcement of Appropriate Behavior
During the school day appropriate behavior is rewarded through the use of verbal praise and social attention such as smiles and high fives. For many students tangibles and/or edible rewards are useful to increase the frequency of a student’s appropriate behavior. Reinforcement inventories are filled out by parents at the beginning of each school year and updated at least once again during a school year. This information helps members of the staff to determine what motivates each child. Reinforcement schedules related to degree and rate of delivery are individualized to meet each child’s specific needs.
Special Applications of Behavior Change
At the Gramon Family of Schools a variety of special applications are in use, including token economy systems, contingency contracts and self-management procedures. Each of these behavior management tools is implemented on an individual basis and is based on specifically defined behaviors targeted for reduction. Through the use of special applications students learn to gain access to rewards by substituting an acceptable behavior for an inappropriate behavior that has been designated for reduction.
Individualized Behavior Plans
Behavior management plans are put in place for students on an individual basis. All plans include a definition of the behavior targeted for reduction, data analysis including baseline and treatment data analysis, a functional assessment of the behavior based on the data collected within baseline and treatment phases of a plan. Plans also include a teaching component designed to help students receive reinforcement for appropriate behaviors. In addition, plans include information as to the most effective way to react to a student after inappropriate behavior and how best to de-escalate the student to prevent additional occurrences. Along with teaching strategies and treatments, behavior management plans also include the necessary data collection procedures, rationale for treatment and any potential risk that may occur as the result of treatment. Behavior management plans are shared with the sending district’s child study team members and are considered a component of the student’s Individual Education Plan.